Israel: A History of Conflict and Endurance
In this article we would like to briefly introduce you to the history of Israel. On May 14, 1948, after thousands of years of Jewish dispersion and oppression around the Mediterranean, the State of Israel finally declared independence. The Zionist movement held the objective of making a homeland for the Jewish people beginning in the 19th century. The Holocaust triggered a massive immigration of Jews and the need to finally build a Jewish state.
The Holocaust and the need to build a Jewish state
Roughly six million Jews in Europe were killed by the Nazis between 1939 and 1945. The conclusive impact of the Holocaust even reached past the Jewish world. Polish and German Jewish communities had played a significant role in defining the Jewish world up until 1945, but had become essentially nonexistent. Jews of European origin in Palestine and the United States of America sadly became disengaged from their families and roots. Once a minority, Sephardi Jews became a momentous influence in the Jewish world. The Second World War left the rest of the Jews in central Europe as refugees.
The British Empire was brutally debilitated as a result of the Second World War. Around this time, the British Mandate of Palestine was established in Israel. The war had made Britain cognizant of its dependency on Arab oil and attached more meaning to genial associations with the Arabs than to helping the Jewish people create a homeland – the first Jewish state.
In response to the UN Partition Plan, there was a time of civil war in the territory of the British Mandate of Palestine between Jewish Yishuv and Palestinian Arab militaries. Consistent with this plan, Palestine was about to be separated between the Jewish Yishuv and the local Arabs.
During this time, the British tried to stop large waves of Jewish refuges coming from Europe. Illegal immigration became the chief method of Jewish entry into Palestine. It seemed that nothing could have stopped the establishment of the Jewish state after the Holocaust.
The declaration of independence
In the best interests of the Yishuv, David Ben-Gurion affirmed the founding of a Jewish state in Eretz-Israel, to be referred to as the State of Israel; this occurred upon the conclusion of the Mandate at midnight on May 14, 1948.
The declaration of Independence is a milestone event in the history of Israel and the Jewish nation as a whole. When Israel’s first Prime Minister, David Ben Gurion, formally proclaimed that the state of Israel had been officially founded, the declaration of independence finally made its way into existence. The Jewish people were finally legitimately granted the right to establish a sovereign state in the Promised Land, after many years of anguish and sorrow.
The last British forces left Haifa on May 14, 1948. David Ben-Gurion was named as the Prime Minister of the new state. World power leaders Harry S. Truman (de facto), President of the United States of America, and Soviet leader Joseph Stalin, instantaneously accepted the new state.
1948 Arab-Israeli War and the continuing conflict with the Arab world
The militaries of five Arab countries – Egypt, Transjordan, Syria, Lebanon and Iraq, attacked Israel only a day after the declaration of independence of the State of Israel. This marked the commencement of the War of Independence.
The War of Independence was only the first in a sequence of wars in the ongoing Arab–Israeli battle.
Three additional major wars against Israel have been piloted by Arab states, including the 1956 Sinai War, the 1967 Six Day War and the 1973 Yom Kippur War.
Regardless of the statistical advantage of the Arab armies, Israel would never stand down and consequently saw multiple victories. During the Yom Kippur war, the Wailing Wall was liberated by the IDF forces.
The battle for peace
Throughout the years, the state of Israel has signed historical peace agreements with Arab states. Prime Minister Menachem Begin signed a peace agreement with Egypt in 1979. In October of 1994, Israel and Jordan signed a peace agreement agreeing to shared collaboration, the termination of conflicts, and the resolution of other matters. Conflict with the Palestinians remains one of the major challenges of the state of Israel. However, Israel has never failed to demonstrate endurance and strength.